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Американский исследовательский центр «Фонд наследия» (The Heritage Foundation) и газета The Wall Street Journal опубликовали ежегодный рейтинг стран с точки зрения экономической свободы — Индекс экономической свободы 2015 года (Index of Economic Freedom 2015).

 

Индекс экономической свободы (Index of Economic Freedom) — это комбинированный показатель и сопровождающий его рейтинг, оценивающий уровень экономической свободы в странах мира. Выпускается американским исследовательским центром «Фонд наследия» (The Heritage Foundation) совместно с газетой The Wall Street Journal. Эксперты Фонда определяют экономическую свободу как «отсутствие правительственного вмешательства или воспрепятствования производству, распределению и потреблению товаров и услуг, за исключением необходимой гражданам защиты и поддержки свободы как таковой». Анализ экономической свободы проводится ежегодно, начиная с 1995 года. 

Подробнее

Индекс экономической свободы рассчитывается по среднему арифметическому десяти контрольных показателей:

Права собственности. Свобода от коррупции, Фискальная свобода, Участие правительства, Свобода предпринимательства, Свобода труда, Монетарная свобода, Свобода торговли, Свобода инвестиций, Финансовая свобода. 

 

Рейтинг экономической свободы в мире — 2015

1. Hong Kong
Population:7.2 million
GDP (PPP): $381.9 billion

2. Singapore
Population: 5.4 million
GDP (PPP): $348.7 billion

3. New Zealand
Population: 4.5 million
GDP (PPP): $136.6 billion

4. Australia
Population: 23.2 million
GDP (PPP): $999.6 billion

5. Switzerland
Population: 8.0 million
GDP (PPP): $371.6 billion

6. Canada
Population: 35.1 million
GDP (PPP): $1.5 trillion

7. Chile
Population: 17.6 million
GDP (PPP): $334.8 billion

8. Estonia
Population: 1.3 million
GDP (PPP): $29.8 billion

9. Ireland
Population: 4.8 million
GDP (PPP): $188.9 billion

10. Mauritius
Population: 1.3 million
GDP (PPP): $20.9 billion

11. Denmark
Population: 5.6 million
GDP (PPP): $211.9 billion

12. United States
Population: 316.4 million
GDP (PPP): $16.8 trillion

13. United Kingdom
Population: 64.1 million
GDP (PPP): $2.4 trillion

14. Taiwan
Population: 23.4 million
GDP (PPP): $929.5 billion

15. Lithuania
Population: 3.0 million
GDP (PPP): $67.6 billion

16. Germany
Population: 80.8 million
GDP (PPP): $3.2 trillion

17. The Netherlands
Population: 16.8 million
GDP (PPP): $700.5 billion

18. Bahrain
Population: 1.2 million
GDP (PPP): $40.6 billion

19. Finland
Population: 5.5 million
GDP (PPP): $194.2 billion

20. Japan
Population: 127.3 million
GDP (PPP): $4.7 trillion

21. Luxembourg
Population: 0.5 million
GDP (PPP): $42.6 billion

22. Georgia
Population: 4.5 million
GDP (PPP): $27.6 billion

23. Sweden
Population: 9.6 million
GDP (PPP): $396.8 billion

24. Czech Republic
Population: 10.5 million
GDP (PPP): $286.0 billion

25. United Arab Emirates
Population: 9.0 million
GDP (PPP): $272.0 billion

26. Iceland
Population: 0.3 million
GDP (PPP): $13.2 billion

27. Norway
Population: 5.1 million
GDP (PPP): $280.0 billion

28. Colombia
Population: 47.2 million
GDP (PPP): $527.6 billion

29. South Korea
Population: 50.2 million
GDP (PPP): $1.7 trillion

30. Austria
Population: 8.5 million
GDP (PPP): $361.4 billion

31. Malaysia
Population: 29.6 million
GDP (PPP): $525.7 billion

32. Qatar
Population: 2.0 million
GDP (PPP): $199.6 billion

33. Israel
Population: 7.9 million
GDP (PPP): $273.7 billion

34. Macau
Population:
GDP (PPP):

35. Saint Lucia
Population: 0.2 million
GDP (PPP): $2.1 billion

36. Botswana
Population: 2.1 million
GDP (PPP): $34.1 billion

37. Latvia
Population:2.0 million
GDP (PPP): $38.9 billion

38. Jordan
Population: 6.5 million
GDP (PPP): $40.0 billion

39. Brunei Darussalam
Population: 0.4 million
GDP (PPP): $21.7 billion

40. Belgium
Population: 11.2 million
GDP (PPP): $422.8 billion

41. The Bahamas
Population: 0.4 million
GDP (PPP): $11.4 billion

42. Poland
Population: 38.5 million
GDP (PPP): $817.5 billion

43. Uruguay
Population: 3.4 million
GDP (PPP): $56.7 billion

44. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Population: 0.1 million
GDP (PPP): $1.3 billion

45. Cyprus
Population: 0.9 million
GDP (PPP): $22.3 billion

46. Barbados
Population: 0.3 million
GDP (PPP): $7.0 billion

47. Peru
Population: 30.9 million
GDP (PPP): $344.2 billion

48. Jamaica
Population: 2.8 million
GDP (PPP): $25.2 billion

49. Spain
Population: 46.6 million
GDP (PPP): $1.4 trillion

50. Slovakia
Population: 5.4 million
GDP (PPP): $133.1 billion

51. Costa Rica
Population: 4.8 million
GDP (PPP): $61.6 billion

52. Armenia
Population: 3.3 million
GDP (PPP): $20.4 billion

53. Macedonia
Population: 2.1 million
GDP (PPP): $22.6 billion

54. Hungary
Population: 9.9 million
GDP (PPP): $198.2 billion

55. Bulgaria
Population: 7.2 million
GDP (PPP): $105.0 billion

56. Oman
Population: 3.2 million
GDP (PPP): $95.0 billion

57. Romania
Population: 21.3 million
GDP (PPP):  $285.1 billion

58. Malta
Population: 0.4 million
GDP (PPP): $11.6 billion

59. Mexico
Population: 118.4 million
GDP (PPP): $1.8 trillion

60. Cabo Verde
Population: 0.5 million
GDP (PPP): $2.2 billion

61. Dominica
Population: 0.1 million
GDP (PPP): $1.0 billion

62. El Salvador
Population: 6.3 million
GDP (PPP): $47.5 billion

63. Albania
Population: 2.8 million
GDP (PPP): $26.5 billion

64. Portugal
Population: 10.6 million
GDP (PPP): $244.8 billion

65. Rwanda
Population: 10.6 million
GDP (PPP): $16.4 billion

66. Montenegro
Population: 0.6 million
GDP (PPP): $7.4 billion

67. Trinidad and Tobago
Population: 1.3 million
GDP (PPP): $27.5 billion

68. Panama
Population: 3.7 million
GDP (PPP): $62.0 billion

69. Kazakhstan
Population: 17.2 million
GDP (PPP): $246.9 billion

70. Turkey
Population: 76.5 million
GDP (PPP): $1.2 trillion

71. Ghana
Population: 25.6 million
GDP (PPP): $88.5 billion

72. South Africa
Population: 53.0 million
GDP (PPP): $596.5 billion

73. France
Population: 63.7 million
GDP (PPP): $2.3 trillion

74. Kuwait
Population: 3.9 million
GDP (PPP): $154.5 billion

75. Thailand
Population: 68.2 million
GDP (PPP): $673.7 billion

76. Philippines
Population: 97.5 million
GDP (PPP): $456.4 billion

77. Saudi Arabia
Population: 30.0 million
GDP (PPP): $937.2 billion

78. Samoa
Population: 0.2 million
GDP (PPP): $1.1 billion

79. Madagascar
Population: 23.0 million
GDP (PPP): $22.3 billion

80. Italy
Population: 59.7 million
GDP (PPP): $1.8 trillion

81. Croatia
Population: 4.3 million
GDP (PPP): $77.9 billion

82. Kyrgyz Republic
Population: 5.6 million
GDP (PPP): $14.7 billion

83. Paraguay
Population: 6.8 million
GDP (PPP): $46.4 billion

84. Vanuatu
Population: 0.3 million
GDP (PPP): $1.3 billion

85. Azerbaijan
Population: 9.3 million
GDP (PPP): $102.8 billion

86. Dominican Republic
Population: 10.4 million
GDP (PPP): $103.2 billion

87. Guatemala
Population: 15.5 million
GDP (PPP): $81.8 billion

88. Slovenia
Population: 2.1 million
GDP (PPP): $57.4 billion

89. Morocco
Population: 32.9 million
GDP (PPP): $179.2 billion

90. Serbia
Population: 7.2 million
GDP (PPP): $81.1 billion

91. Swaziland
Population: 1.1 million
GDP (PPP): $6.8 billion 

92. Uganda
Population: 36.8 million
GDP (PPP): $54.6 billion

93. Namibia
Population: 2.2 million
GDP (PPP): $17.8 billion

94. Lebanon
Population: 4.5 million
GDP (PPP): $66.3 billion

95. Tonga
Population: 0.1 million
GDP (PPP): $0.8 billion

96. Mongolia
Population: 2.9 million
GDP (PPP): $17.1 billion

97. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Population: 3.9 million
GDP (PPP): $32.1 billion

98. Fiji
Population: 0.9 million
GDP (PPP): $4.5 billion

99. Benin
Population: 10.3 million
GDP (PPP): $16.7 billion

100.  Zambia
Population: 14.5 million
GDP (PPP): $25.5 billion 

101. Sri Lanka
Population: 20.8 million
GDP (PPP): $136.0 billion

102. Burkina Faso
Population: 16.8 million
GDP (PPP): $26.6 billion

103. Côte d’Ivoire
Population: 24.1 million
GDP (PPP): $43.8 billion

104. Gabon
Population: 1.6 million
GDP (PPP): $30.4 billion

105. Indonesia
Population: 248.0 million
GDP (PPP): $1.3 trillion

106. Senegal
Population: 14.1 million
GDP (PPP): $27.7 billion

107. Tunisia
Population: 10.9 million
GDP (PPP): $108.4 billion

108. Nicaragua
Population: 6.1 million
GDP (PPP): $27.9 billion

109. Tanzania
Population: 46.3 million
GDP (PPP): $79.4 billion

110. Cambodia
Population: 15.4 million
GDP (PPP): $39.7 billion

111. Moldova
Population: 3.6 million
GDP (PPP): $13.3 billion

112. Djibouti
Population: 0.9 million
GDP (PPP): $2.5 billion

113. The Gambia
Population: 1.9 million
GDP (PPP): $3.7 billion

114. Seychelles
Population: 0.1 million
GDP (PPP): $2.5 billion

115. Bhutan
Population: 0.7 million
GDP (PPP): $4.7 billion

116. Honduras
Population: 8.1 million
GDP (PPP): $39.2 billion

117. Belize
Population: 0.3 million
GDP (PPP): $3.0 billion

118. Brazil
Population: 98.3 million
GDP (PPP): $2.4 trillion

119. Mali
Population: 16.9 million
GDP (PPP): $18.6 billion

120. Nigeria
Population: 169.3 million
GDP (PPP): $479.3 billion

121. Pakistan
Population: 182.6 million
GDP (PPP): $575.0 billion 

122. Kenya
Population: 44.4 million
GDP (PPP): $80.4 billion

123. Guyana
Population: 0.8 million
GDP (PPP): $6.6 billion

124. Egypt
Population: 84.2 million
GDP (PPP): $553.6 billion

125. Mozambique
Population: 25.9 million
GDP (PPP): $28.2 billion

126. Malawi
Population: 17.1 million
GDP (PPP): $15.0 billion 

127. Niger
Population: 16.6 million
GDP (PPP): $13.8 billion

128. India
Population: 1.2 billion
GDP (PPP): $5.1 trillion

129. Suriname
Population: 0.5 million
GDP (PPP): $7.2 billion

130. Greece
Population: 11.1 million
GDP (PPP): $265.6 billion

131. Bangladesh
Population: 156.3 million
GDP (PPP): $325.1 billion

132. Burundi
Population: 9.0 million
GDP (PPP): $5.8 billion

133. Yemen
Population: 26.7 million
GDP (PPP): $61.8 billion

134. Maldives
Population: 0.3 million
GDP (PPP): $3.1 billion

135. Mauritania
Population: 3.7 million
GDP (PPP): $8.2 billion

136. São Tomé and Príncipe
Population: 0.2 million
GDP (PPP): $0.4 billion

137. Papua New Guinea
Population: 7.0 million
GDP (PPP): $19.8 billion

138. Togo
Population: 6.8 million
GDP (PPP): $7.4 billion

139. China
Population: 1.4 billion
GDP (PPP): $13.4 trillion

140. Tajikistan
Population: 8.1 million
GDP (PPP): $19.1 billion

141. Liberia
Population: 4.1 million
GDP (PPP): $2.9 billion 

142. Comoros
Population: 0.7 million
GDP (PPP): $0.9 billion

143. Russia
Population: 142.9 million
GDP (PPP): $2.6 trillion

144. Guinea
Population: 11.1 million
GDP (PPP): $12.5 billion

145. Guinea-Bissau
Population: 1.6 million
GDP (PPP): $1.9 billion

146. Cameroon
Population: 22.0 million
GDP (PPP): $53.3 billion

147. Sierra Leone
Population: 6.1 million
GDP (PPP): $9.4 billion

148. Vietnam
Population: 89.7 million
GDP (PPP): $359.8 billion

149. Ethiopia
Population: 88.9 million
GDP (PPP): $121.4 billion

150. Laos
Population: 6.8 million
GDP (PPP): $20.8 billion

151. Haiti
Population: 10.3 million
GDP (PPP): $13.6 billion

152. Nepal
Population: 27.9 million
GDP (PPP): $42.1 billion

153. Belarus
Population: 9.5 million
GDP (PPP): $149.1 billion

154. Micronesia
Population: 0.1 million
GDP (PPP): $0.8 billion

155. Lesotho
Population: 1.9 million
GDP (PPP): $4.3 billion

156. Ecuador
Population: 15.8 million
GDP (PPP): $159.0 billion

157. Algeria
Population: 37.9 million
GDP (PPP): $285.5 billion

158. Angola
Population: 20.8 million
GDP (PPP): $130.1 billion

159. Solomon Islands
Population: 0.6 million
GDP (PPP): $1.9 billion

160. Uzbekistan
Population: 30.2 million
GDP (PPP): $113.8 billion

161. Burma
Population: 64.9 million
GDP (PPP): $113.0 billion

162. Ukraine
Population: 45.4 million
GDP (PPP): $336.8 billion

163. Bolivia
Population: 11.0 million
GDP (PPP): $59.2 billion

164. Kiribati
Population: 0.1 million
GDP (PPP): $0.7 billion

165. Chad
Population: 11.0 million
GDP (PPP): $28.0 billion 

166. Central African Republic
Population: 4.6 million
GDP (PPP): $2.5 billion

167. Timor-Leste
Population: 1.2 million
GDP (PPP): $25.8 billion

168. Democratic Republic of Congo
Population: 77.0 million
GDP (PPP): $49.9 billion

169. Argentina
Population: 41.5 million
GDP (PPP): $777.9 billion

170. Republic of Congo
Population: 4.2 million
GDP (PPP): $20.0 billion

171. Iran
Population: 77.1 million
GDP (PPP): $945.5 billion

172. Turkmenistan
Population: 5.7 million
GDP (PPP): $54.2 billion

173. Equatorial Guinea
Population: 0.8 million
GDP (PPP): $17.7 billion

174. Eritrea
Population: 6.3 million
GDP (PPP): $4.5 billion 

175. Zimbabwe
Population: 13.1 million
GDP (PPP): $10.3 billion

176. Venezuela
Population: 30.0 million
GDP (PPP): $407.9 billion

177. Cuba
Population:
GDP (PPP):

178. North Korea
Population:
GDP (PPP):

источник: http://www.heritage.org/index/ranking

 

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